Get expert advice on caring and maintaining gemstones.
1. Avoid scratches
Gemstones may scratch each other or the metal they are set in, so it is important to keep your gems apart from each other. When you travel, don’t pile your pendants, rings and earrings into a single jewelry pouch. Instead, wrap each piece in a tissue paper, soft cotton, or its own pouch.
2. Remove dust and dirt
The best and easiest way to clean gemstones is with lukewarm water, mild soap and soft toothbrush. Rubies, sapphires, diamonds, amethysts, citrines, garnets, and gold can be cleaned using an ultrasonic cleaner, but emerald, peridot, pearls and silver cannot.
3. Be gentle and vigilant
Avoid extreme temperature changes and chemicals. Put on perfume and cosmetics before you put on your jewelry, and take off your gems when cleaning with household chemicals. Don’t leave opals in an air-tight safe for a long time, because they may dehydrate and crack.
Bring your jewelry to a professional as soon as you notice a loose settings. In fact, it’s worth bringing your jewelry to a jeweler periodically, just for a check-up.